Architects: Chybik + Kristof Associated Architects, Ivan Ruller and Ondrej Stehlik
Structure: Petr Stepanek
Heating: Jiri Hirs
Construction: Josef Chybik
Consultants: Michal Gabriel, Tomas Ruller
Text: Marketa Zackova
Location: Brno, Czech Republic
The Faculty of Fine Arts, Brno University of Technology project is based on the idea of maximal respect to the character of the park’s locality in the city centre for which it is designed. Designed by Chybik+Kristof Associated Architects, Ivan Ruller and Ondrej Stehlik this is a complex of separate pavilions based on the floor plan of the existing build-up area of provisional assembled buildings, so-called likusáks. The concept of the project presupposes an interaction between education, culture and the public. Its realisation will significantly contribute to revitalise the neglected eastern part of the park on Kraví hora. The exclusively located area offers only a commercial use of the provisional built-up area, and even though it is situated in the wider city centre, it has not undergone a process of revitalisation yet. The joyless nature of the area with decrepit temporary objects contrasts dramatically with the surrounds of Kraví hora, being architectonically and socially highly attractive.
Historically, the most significant urbanistic intention to fully exploit the area was the project of the Academic Square from 1920s and 1930s which had counted on building up Kraví hora for the newly founded Masaryk University. Successive competitions were attended by renowned representatives of the Czech interwar architecture, e. g. Alois Dryák, Bohuslav Fuchs, Jindřich Kumpošt, Miloš Laml, Jan Víšek, Ernst Wiesner etc. However, due to the antagonism of both the architectural and academic community, the only building realised was the Faculty of Law by Alois Dryák. The project of the new campus of the Faculty of Arts follows the historic continuity of the first-republican idea of building a campus. Nevertheless, it differs significantly in the fact that it preserves desirable green zones in this area.
An optimal space for art presentation in public will be created within the new premises of the Faculty of Arts. The educational function will be completed with a cultural and social function: in one of its variants, the project includes a public-accessible gallery, a club, a library and rooms for organising lectures and workshops. These rooms will be situated in the central object which will act as a spine of the area. The project’s realisation will bring a complex use of the whole area – it will include science and education (observatory and planetarium, technical and art schooling), culture (gallery, art presentations in public) and sport (sport and recreational area with a pool, baseball field). At the same time, a new dominant feature will emerge within the city structure connecting the Veveří Street to the square náměstí Míru. Thanks to this, the whole area will get more open and less obstructed.
The basic unit of the architectonical structure is a pavilion situated on the existing built-up space with total dimensions of 67.5 m in length and 10 m in width. The characteristic motive is a counter roof ensuring optimal indirect illumination. The shape and the orientation of the roofs incite to use renewable solar energy. Natural window ventilation and individual air-conditioning heat recovering units will be put in place. The authorial team consulted the construction and the static solution, as well as the question of heating with specialised institutes of the Faculty of Civil Engineering of Brno University of Technology – the area could be rebuilt surprisingly simply and quite quickly. Some objects may serve as ateliers for young artists as a sort of incubators. This will steadily cover a part of school’s expenses. Moreover, the projected green zone of the park surpasses the actual state since it anticipates planting of new trees.
A campus endowed with public functions will aid to open the locality to wider and more socially varied user groups. One of the key developing strategies of Brno consisting in creating an image of Brno as a European academic city will be fulfilled.