Following Azerbaijan’s Eurovision Song Contest win in 2011, Azerbaijan rushed to commission German firm GMP Architekten to design a new stadium that was completed just in time to host the 2012 competition. It is the modular form of construction of the Crystal Hall that helped to realise this sport and concert venue in record time.
With its membrane façade, modular arena and central roof section, the whole structure consists of three independent parts. The defining elements of the façade are the triangular, flat membrane panels made of reflective anthracite-coloured but silvery glistening PVC-PES mesh fabric combined with pebble-grey PVC-coated polyester fabric. A total of 180 diamond- and triangular-shaped membrane panels make up the 20,000sqm façade surface. The multitude of LED lights integrated into the membrane façade make this angular structure a notable landmark at night as well as by day.