2014 is here, and one of the biggest events waiting to happen is the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. The World Cup is the perfect stage for Brazil to show off to the world how far it has come in the past years; and the best way Brazil can show off is by building new, jaw dropping architecture and infrastructure projects.
Out of the 12 venues for the 2014 World Cup, five cities will have brand new venues built specifically for this event. The lucky cities are Brazil’s capital Brasília, São Paulo, Cuiabá, Manaus, and Natal.
1. Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha
|Architects||Eduardo de Castro Mello and Vicente Castro Mello|
|Spectator Capacity||68,009 – 71,400|
|Construction Start||February 2012|
|Completion Date||June 2013|
|Location||Brasília, Federal District, Brazil|
Originally built in 1974, the multi-purpose Estádio Nacional was demolished in 2010 to give way to this new stadium with a capacity for around 70,000 fans, designed in order to reach the requirements for the 2014 World Cup.
This new design boasts a new facade, metal roof and stands, as well as a lowered pitch enabling unobstructed views from every seat.
The roof of the stadium will serve as one of the water catchment and along the lake to be built around the stadium and the stadium will be able to store in its reservoirs, about 10.5 million litres of water, water that will be treated and reused in in the WC system, the field’s irrigation and cleaning.
Although still not in place, 75% of the stadium’s roof (15,000 sqm) will include a photovoltaic array, with an electricity generation capacity of 3,000 MWh/year, enough to supply 60,000 homes in Brasília.
2. Arena Corinthians
|Architects||Aníbal Coutinho of Coutinho, Diegues, Cordeiro Arquitetos|
|Spectator Capacity||FIFA World Cup: 65,800 – 68,000 | Post-FIFA World Cup: 48,234|
|Construction Start||May 2011|
|Completion Date||April 2014 (expected)|
|Location||São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil|
Arena Corinthians is the new home of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, the biggest football club of the three in São Paulo, and the only team which previously did not own a stadium with the necessary size and infrastructure to host FIFA World Cup games.
The seating capacity of this new stadium will be of 48,234 spectators, but an additional 20,000 temporary seats will be added to reach the minimum requirement by FIFA for the 2014 World Cup. After the tournament the 20,000 temporary seats will be removed.
The project missed the initial construction deadline of February 2014, primarily due to an accident on 27 November 2013 killing two construction workers. The new expected completion date is April 2014.
3. Arena Pantanal
|Spectator Capacity||FIFA World Cup: 42,968 | Post-FIFA World Cup: 28,000|
|Construction Start||May 2010|
|Completion Date||February 2014|
|Location||Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil|
Arena Pantenal replaces the old Estádio José Fragelli (Verdão), which used to be the main football stadium in the city.
Verdão got demolished in 2010, and works on the new stadium commenced on May that year. Subsequent delays have pushed back completion repeatedly, with February 2014 being the latest expected completion date.
The Arena Pantanal will have a capacity of 43,000 seats for the World Cup, and after the event the capacity will be reduced by 15,000 seats, which will result in a final capacity of 28,000 seats. This will be achieved by dismantling the upper parts of both ends.
4. Arena da Amazônia
|Construction Start||February 2012|
|Location||Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil|
With the design of the new Manaus Stadium, a.k.a. Arena da Amazônia, the aim was to come up with a very simple but highly efficient stadium that would at the same time specifically symbolise the location, particularly the fascination and natural diversity of the tropical rain forest.
The roof structure is made up of mutually supporting cantilevers, whose steel hollow core girders function simultaneously as large gutters to drain the immense run-off of tropical rainwater. The fields of the roof and facades consist of translucent fibreglass fabric, whose low emittance coating reflects heat radiation and thus has a cooling effect.
5. Arena das Dunas
|Architects||Christopher Lee of Populous|
|Construction Start||January 2011|
|Completion Date||January 2014|
|Location||Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil|
The brief for this project was to create a ‘grand space’ for the people of Natal which would become a counterfoil to the public promenades of Brazil’s many beaches. The stadium sits within a park setting and, as well as being one of only three new stadia to be built in Brazil for the FIFA World Cup, will stage the music and cultural events of Natal. The challenge is to find a form flexible enough to accommodate all these needs, that responds sympathetically to its environment.
The structure’s undulating form responds to the climatic conditions of the location, shielding the spectators from direct sunlight, while allowing main stands to catch the prevailing on-shore breezes and air to flow into the seating bowl via ETFE louvers between the stadium ‘shells’. The upper seating tiers are separated into discrete seating blocks; these ‘petals’ are linked via a continuous undulating concourse. This arrangement gives the stadium its distinctive dramatic asymmetric form, reminiscent of the sand dunes that form its backdrop.